The effects of Domestic Violence on Children
The effects of domestic violence on children originate from witnessing domestic fights in their homes where their parents or guardians are abusing each other. Such abuse plays a major role in the well-being and the physical and mental development of the children witnessing it. Such children believe that they are responsible for the actions of their parents and they tend to live in a fear and the chances of them being victims of child abuse are fifteen times more.
Research investigations show that three to four million children are exposed to domestic violence every year in the United States. A witness can be hearing the parents fighting or abusing each other and seeing the actual act of sexual or physical abuse.
Children who are victims of domestic violence are always anxious and fearful. They are always alert waiting and watching the events of battering. They are not sure of what will propagate the fights so the feel unsafe most of the time. They are usually worried about their siblings, their parents, and themselves. The physical effects of domestic battering on children include headaches, lack of concentration, stomachaches, and bedwetting. Physical injuries are also depicted in children who try to stop their parents from fighting.
Impact of domestic violence
Conversely, the emotional impacts of domestic violence on children include shame, sadness, fear, anger, guilt, depression, and sleep disturbance. The behavioral effects include anxiousness, acting out, or withdrawal. The children may also portray symptoms of anxiety and their attention spans are normally shorter which may lead to poor school attendance and performance. They may also incur development delays in cognitive, motor, or speech skills. The long-term effects of domestic violence on children include physiological and emotional trauma from staying in families where their parents abuse each other. Such children are denied an environment that fosters healthy growth. In families where the father abuses the mother the children lack parental care and they grow up disrespecting women. Studies have shown that children raised in violent environments learn that abuse is the most effective method of resolving problems and conflicts. They are at higher risk of drug or alcohol abuse, juvenile delinquencies, posttraumatic stress disorders, and adult criminalities.